The APRP was an affiliate of Harvard University from August 2007 through April 2010 under a grant from the John Templeton Foundation. All content is archived as of June 1, 2010.



January 28, 2008

APRP NEWS & EVENTS

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1. Symposium brings together researchers and foundations to discuss critical role of multiple concurrent partnerships in fueling the AIDS pandemic in southern Africa

2. Dr. Edward C. Green addresses Parliament of Botswana on need for behavioral interventions for AIDS prevention

3. Dr. Green and APRP Project Affiliate Dr. Norman Hearst participate in Next Generation PEPFAR Indicators Project

4. Dr. Green presents "New Evidence Guiding How We Conduct AIDS Prevention" at the Manhattan Institute

5. APRP researchers investigate concurrent sexual partnerships among university students in Durban , South Africa

6. New Project Affiliates join APRP

ARTICLES & PUBLICATIONS BY THE APRP

7. Putting a plague in perspective (Daniel Halperin, The New York Times, 1 Jan 2008)

8. Is male circumcision as good as the HIV vaccine we’ve been waiting for?  (Klausner JD, Wamai RG, Bowa K, Agot K, Kagimba J, Halperin D., Future Medicine 2008; 2(1): 1-7.) 

9. Will money solve Africa 's development problems? (Edward C. Green, special section of The New York Times, 4 Nov 2007)

10. AIDS prevention: what works? (Daniel Halperin, The Washington Post, 22 Oct 2007) 

11. Safer sexual behavior helps beat the virus (Allison Herling Ruark, European Voice, 29 Nov 2007)

12. Why is HIV prevalence so severe in southern Africa ? The role of multiple concurrent partnerships and lack of male circumcision (Halperin D, Epstein H. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine 2007; 26:19-25.)

OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF NOTE

13. Ten myths and one truth about generalised HIV epidemics ( Shelton , JD. The Lancet 2007; 370: 1809-1811.) 

14. Rethinking AIDS Strategy After a String of Failures (Craig Timberg, The Washington Post, 20 Nov 2007)

15. U.N. AIDS Numbers (radio interview with Edward C. Green on Canadian Broadcasting Corporation program The Current)


APRP NEWS & EVENTS

1. Symposium brings together researchers and foundations to discuss critical role of multiple concurrent partnerships in fueling the AIDS pandemic in southern Africa

On December 11, 2007, a group of researchers and representatives of various institutes and foundations met in Johannesburg, South Africa to discuss how to address the pattern of multiple concurrent partnerships that is fueling the AIDS pandemic in the southern Africa region. Researchers from the APRP, CADRE South Africa, and the University of KwaZulu Natal presented data on the behavioral drivers and risk factors fueling the spread of HIV in southern Africa, as well as the prevalence and socio-cultural context of multiple concurrent partnerships in particular. Participants discussed potential new directions for AIDS prevention interventions and greater involvement of private foundations and other partners and stake-holders in strategic HIV prevention.

click here to view the meeting report and presentations from the meeting

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2. Dr. Edward C. Green addresses Parliament of Botswana on need for behavioral interventions for AIDS prevention

On December 6, 2007, Dr. Green had the opportunity to make a nearly 3 hour presentation to the Parliament of Botswana on the need for behavioral interventions in AIDS prevention and the importance of sexual behavior change. This presentation was very well received, with several Parliamentarians expressing their appreciation to Dr. Green for presenting the "true facts" regarding AIDS prevention. Dr. Green also met privately with the Minister of Health and five senior level Ministry of Health officials, the Chairman of the HIV/AIDS Standing Committee of Parliament, the Permanent Secretary of Education, and various other officials in the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health.

click here to view Dr. Green's Powerpoint presentation to the Parliament of Botswana

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3. Dr. Green and APRP Project Affiliate Dr. Norman Hearst participate in Next Generation PEPFAR Indicators Project

Dr. Green and Dr. Hearst were invited to participate in the Next Generation PEPFAR Indicators Project, which has been organized by the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator to review, analyze, and determine indicators used in assessing programs and projects of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Dr. Green and Dr. Hearst attended the launch meeting of this project on January 16 in Washington, DC. They are members of the Behavior Based Prevention Working Group for the General Population/Prevention with Positives, where they will continue to provide input.

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4. Dr. Green presents "New Evidence Guiding How We Conduct AIDS Prevention" at the Manhattan Institute

On January 9, Dr. Green presented the lecture "New Evidence Guiding How We Conduct AIDS Prevention" to the Manhattan Institute. Several members of the John Templeton Foundation, which provides support to the APRP, attended, including Senior Vice President Dr. Charles Harper, Vice President for Human Sciences Dr. Kimon Sargeant, Mr. Chris Stawski, and Mr. Andreas Widmer, a consultant to the APRP.

click here to view Dr. Green's presentation at the Manhattan Institute

5. APRP researchers investigate concurrent sexual partnerships among university students in Durban, South Africa 

From July to August 2007 APRP Research Intern Stephanie Psaki and APRP Research Fellow Timothy Mah conducted focus groups at the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal in Durban , South Africa to explore the social and cultural context of concurrent sexual partnerships. The study included nearly 70 female and male participants between the ages of 19 and 26.  

An analysis of the focus groups (currently being prepared for publication) concluded that: 1) Concurrent sexual partnerships are the norm among male students, and increasing common among female students; 2) Participants identified peer pressure, a perceived innate need to have more than one partner, and a fear of being left alone by a girlfriend as the primary male motives for concurrency; 3) Participants identified material gain as the primary female motive for concurrency, and female participants repeatedly alluded to changes in females’ perceptions of their roles and power in relationships as a secondary motive; 4) Both male and female participants reported inconsistent condom use, particularly with regular partners.

These findings provide strong evidence of the potential role of concurrency in the spread of HIV in this population, and the need for more quantitative research on this topic, as well as interventions that more effectively address the benefits of partner reduction. The research was conducted in collaboration with the University of KwaZulu Natal with funding from the John Templeton Foundation.   

As part of a related project, Mr. Mah has spent the month of January in the Cape Metropolitan Area, Western Cape , South Africa to continue his investigation of concurrent sexual partnerships. He is conducting focus groups in Khayelitsha to explore the social and cultural context of concurrency in the township population, and is also conducting an analysis of concurrent sexual partnerships using data collected by the Centre for Social Science Research at the University of Cape Town . The research is being conducted in collaboration with the University of Cape Town , with funding from the John Templeton Foundation.

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6. New Project Affiliates join APRP

The APRP has named a number of Project Affiliates-- researchers and others working in the field of HIV prevention who are key collaborators in the APRP's goal of "supporting evidence-based research on the role of behavioral approaches in reducing the transmission of the HIV virus worldwide." The most recent Project Affiliates to join the APRP are Phoebe Kajubi, a Researcher at the Child Health and Development Centre at the Makerere University Medical School (Kampala, Uganda), and Dr. Moses R. Kamya, Associate Professor at Makere University's Department of Medicine (Kampala, Uganda). Ms. Kajubi and Dr. Kamya have been involved in important research of HIV risk behaviors in Uganda.

click here to view a complete list of Project Affiliates, and selected publications

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ARTICLES & PUBLICATIONS BY THE APRP

7. Putting a plague in perspective (Daniel Halperin, The New York Times, 1 Jan 2008)

APRP Senior Research Scientist Dr. Daniel Halperin writes in this New York Times Op-Ed that even as funding for global AIDS increases dramatically, other diseases are being ignored by the donor community.

click here for the full article 

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8. Is male circumcision as good as the HIV vaccine we’ve been waiting for?  (Klausner JD, Wamai RG, Bowa K, Agot K, Kagimba J, Halperin D. Future Medicine 2008; 2(1): 1-7.) 

In this editorial, the authors present evidence that male circumcision may be "at least as effective, for heterosexual transmission, as the long hoped for AIDS vaccine."

click here for the full article

9. Will money solve Africa 's development problems? (Edward C. Green, Special section of The New York Times, 4 Nov 2007) 

In this Templeton Conversation, APRP Director Dr. Edward C. Green responds to the question "Will money solve Africa 's development problems?" This essay appeared in a special section of the Nov 4, 2007 edition of The New York Times.

click here for the full article 

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10. AIDS prevention: what works? (Daniel Halperin, The Washington Post, 22 Oct 2007)

APRP Senior Research Scientist Dr. Daniel Halperin examines evidence for various AIDS prevention strategies and argues for "a vigorous expansion in Africa of behavior-change programs, for promoting partner reduction in particular, and greatly increased access to safe male circumcision."

click here for the full article

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11. Safer sexual behavior helps beat the virus (Allison Herling Ruark, European Voice, 29 Nov 2007) 

APRP Research Fellow Allison Herling Ruark writes in this opinion piece that this World AIDS Day brings some good news-- "in virtually every country in the world the epidemic is either stable or waning."

click here for the full article

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12. Why is HIV prevalence so severe in southern Africa ? The role of multiple concurrent partnerships and lack of male circumcision (Halperin D, Epstein H. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine 2007; 26:19-25.)

In this article the authors argue that multiple concurrent partnerships and lack of male circumcision are the two key factors driving southern Africa's severe HIV epidemics.

click here for the full article

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OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF NOTE

13. Ten myths and one truth about generalised HIV epidemics ( Shelton , JD. The Lancet 2007; 370: 1809-1811.)

This Comment names ten widely accepted myths in the field of HIV prevention, including "poverty and discrimination are the problem," "condoms are the answer," and "sexual behavior will not change."

click here for the full article

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14. Rethinking AIDS Strategy After a String of Failures (Craig Timberg, The Washington Post, 20 Nov 2007)

After a string of prevention failures, many experts argue not for greater investment in prevention technologies but for a return to proven, low-cost prevention strategies.

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15. U.N. AIDS Numbers (radio interview with Edward C. Green on Canadian Broadcasting Corporation program The Current)

In this radio interview, Edward C. Green responds to UNAIDS' lowering of global AIDS estimates.

click here to listen to the broadcast

 
 
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